IQ testing for Toddlers
By Inderbir Kaur Sandhu, Ph.D
My child is approaching 2.5 years old.
1. He display amazing memory such as memorizing a 25 piece
puzzle after doing it only once. He can do five puzzles
easily in one sitting without help.
2. He has amazing attention span such as spending an hour on
a single activity such as puzzles, drawing and looking at
3. He displays an understanding of humor such as holding up
an A and laughs as he is asking me if it is a B he is
4. He sees shapes in ordinary objects such as octagon,
pentagon, triangle, squares, semi-circle, oval, stars,
rectangle, paralellogram etc...in ordinary objects like stop
sign, swings, etc.... He often surprises adults by pointing
out and saying these shapes that the adults don't even know.
5. He is sounding out words and knows all the sounds for
each letter. on his own he would go through the alphabet and
name several words that begin with that letter. he also
knows small caps and caps
6. He can count to 30 in English, up to 10 in Spanish and up
to 10 in Chinese.
7. He knows the basic colors also in those three languages
and can interchange languages.
8. He is super cute and super happy and super lovable :0)
9. He loves drawing and write some letters, mainly A, H, U,
O. He likes drawing straight lines, wavy lines, broken lines and naming
them as he draws.
10. He shows great creativity such as combining two
triangles and saying square by himself. He rotates a w and
call it a E, 3, M. He also does this with an n, u, c.
12. He is very loving and love to be around people and other
kids. and tries to teach other kids what he knows.
Well like most parents, I do think my child is amazing. I
often get encourage to by other parents, teachers and family
to get him tested. What is your advice? What are the
benefits of testing his IQ? What are the negative aspects?
Are there IQ tests for 2 year olds?
A: Of course your child is
amazing - with all your highlighted! Based on the U.S.
Office of Gifted and Talented the following is a short list
of distinct characteristics of typical gifted preschooler
(ages two to five years):
Uses advanced vocabulary for age.
Uses spontaneous verbal elaboration with new experiences.
Has the ability to make interesting or unusual shapes or
patterns through various media: blocks, play dough, crayons.
Ability to assemble puzzles designed for older children.
Sense of humor used in general conversation.
Understanding of abstract concepts such as death and time.
Mastery of new skills with little repetition.
Demonstration of advanced physical skills.
Demonstration of advanced reasoning skills through
explanation of occurrences.
Your son appears to fit in most. However, testing toddlers
can be very challenging. At a very young age (two or three
years of age), there is a high possibility of gifted
children responding negatively to strangers (including the
tester), may have separation anxiety (need their
mothers/guardians all the time), have the need to play with
toys rather than complete the test tasks, may not have a
long enough attention span on the task given, etc. Although
tests such as the WPPSI-R, K-ABC, and the Stanford Binet L-M
and Stanford-Binet Fourth Edition are designed and normed
for use with preschool children (you may want to find out if
it is suitable for your son), there is a chance for the
results to be less accurate than if the child is tested when
s/he is a little older, four to five years old being an age
with a better indicator of the results.
Firstly, parents need to know why there is a need for
testing their child. They need to explore the reasons. If
just an IQ score is wanted for pride purposes, then this can
defeat the purpose of testing. If testing would result in
parental pressure either way (if IQ range is expected or
not), again this can be the down side of testing. Reasons
for testing are purposeful if it is for entry into a
specialized programs or to confirm existing assumptions
about a child's abilities which can in turn help parents
with a platform to provide appropriate educational
opportunities for their children.
For younger children
(between two and three years of age) testing can only serve
to validate a parent's beliefs that their child may have
above average abilities (that is if they are testing for
giftedness). School testing helps document a child's ability
and placement into appropriate programs. Testing prior to
kindergarten entry provides valuable information for the
family and the school about the child's level of giftedness,
current academic instructional levels, motor abilities,
vocabulary development, and so on depending on the test
Whether a child is tested or not, parents are the best
judges of their child's abilities and they are recognized
rather early usually by observing their developmental
milestones. A checklist can be used to guide parents here
(as in the one above or more detailed ones). In this case,
you have observed certain qualities in your son. Formal
assessment later on (at ages 4 and above) serves as a
validation for parents. The very fact is that, even before a
child is formally assessed (at two or three years of age),
parents who are aware of their child's above average
abilities would usually provide enrichment in areas of their
child's strength – these enrichment activities are fun-based
and very much more educational in terms of value than
confirmation of a high IQ score. Hence, there is no doubt
that early intervention promotes optimal development.
Hope that helps clear some doubts about IQ testing for very
young children. Good luck!