Cognitive Strategies and Metacognition at Different Age Levels
By Andrew Loh
Metacognition is a key parameter in the transfer of learning
parameters. Accelerated development of meta-cognitive skills is very
important to children. On the other hand, Meta learning is a process
of acquiring a number of skills required to enhance one's
personality. Metacognitive strategies can help children of all ages
to develop highly critical cognitive functions. Understanding metacognition is a difficult and tricky process as it deals with
your children's finer personal attributes. In simple words,
metacognition is your children's unique ability to be able to
ponder and know about situations and later evaluate them to think
about their own thinking and the level of knowing. In fact, metacognition is a very fine-tuned process that happens along with
a number of other bodily activities like cognition, reflex and motor
activities. In essence, it is all about thinking about one's own
thinking and knowing.
Many psychologists opine that metacognition links to acquisition of
knowledge and its development. In fact, there are two significant
processes in the acquisition of knowledge and skills:
Academicians also believe that it is possible to induce children to
learn on a conscious level and assist them in gaining a mastery over
the organization of the skills and knowledge acquired. Effective
learning is not just about acquiring intelligence, skills and
knowledge. In reality, most of us fall into what is known as
"intelligence trap", it is a condition when we believe that we have
all the knowledge and skills required to lead a life of bliss and
contentment. In fact, your children may remain static and sedentary
and avoid opening their mind to acquire new knowledge and skills.
Some children are very efficient at learning very useful techniques
and strategies and later apply them at appropriate places. Other
children may look very intelligent and skilled but feel very
unintelligent in their basic approach to learning knowledge and
skills. Psychologists also believe that the innate meta-cognitive
ability transforms with age of the children; older children are more
successful in learning because of their heightened meta-cognitive
There are six basic meta-cognitive strategies that your children can
learn and master. They are:
Asking right type of questions.
Planning for learning skills and acquiring knowledge and skills.
Monitoring the actual learning process.
Checking the quality and merit of knowledge.
Revising the learning process and fine-tuning it.
Self testing the learnt knowledge and skills
However, your children will need to converse with others to
understand the finer aspects of the learning process. These lines of
conversations could be both external and internal. Problem solving
is another area of learning linked closely to metacognition.
Educating your children to approach a problem in a systematic and
organized manner will help them to hone their skills. Learning
failure occurs because of inability of your children to tackle the
problems because you did not educate them to do so. You may wish to
educate your children to train their thinking process in a more
productive manner like:
"What am I doing now?"
"What am I supposed to do?"
"Can I do this work successfully?"
"Can I find better ways of doing this work?"
Better understanding of one's innate characters and abilities.
Problem solving in double quick-time.
Development of self-consciousness.
Most children are unable to evaluate the scope and magnitude of
problems in front of them. Teachers and parents can bet
encouragement as to reflect on the types of thinking they have been
facing. Teaching metacognition to your children depends on their
age and level of intelligence while the level of introspection about
the skills and knowledge learned depends on the genetic makeup of
Successful learning needs a deep understanding of available context
and the innate ability to adapt the right type of strategy at the
right time. Metacognition enables your children productive learning
and problem solving abilities. Young toddlers and children aged two
years possess rudimentary metacognition techniques while older
children develop the technique slowly over time with the guidance of
their parents and children. Children of different age groups deal
with learning assignments in different ways. Metacognition and its
assimilation by these age groups also vary depending on the
development of brain and its structure. However, it is possible to
teach the techniques of metacognition to children at different age
levels. Continue to read
Using metacognition learning to make children smarter here!