Brain Training for Pre-school Children - Unique Methods and Techniques
By Andrew Loh
A young child undergoes remarkable brain growth right from childhood
stage to about 15 years when he or she becomes a teen. Proper brain
training is very essential for a pre-school child so that he or she can
cope with the rigors of classroom and adult life. Pre-school age is the
time when many of the cognitive skills and other life skills are learnt
by the brain. In addition, brain training will become a consistent
activity that does not stop until a time when most important skills are
mastered by the brain.
Brain training helps children master
numerous critical skills that are needed to lead a productive life.
These skills are as follows:
Hand-eye coordination - Hand-to-eye
coordination deals with linking brain, eye and hand functions together
to perform a series of functions like writing, drawing, painting, making
models with clay and operating computer keyboards.
Communication including talking and listening - Communication is a vital aspect of
life. Without proper communication, one can never survive. Listening to
other people and later responding to their viewpoints is an important
social skill. Proper brain training techniques will help children to
enhance communication techniques.
Reading and writing - Early literacy is an important concept.
Understanding the basic literary concept would assist children fine-tune
reading and writing skills.
Motor skills - A basic motor skill
is a rudimentary function of the brain that involves correct and precise
movement of body muscles with an intention of carry out a particular
task. A child will need to be purposeful to feel or sense what his or
her muscles are acting as they carry out the task.
Identifying shapes, patterns and colors - Colors and shapes are basic tools to help
children learn patterns in their minds. Patterning is a basic cognitive
skill that must be developed among children. Patterning is an organized
and systematic of repeating a particular act. For example, different
colors, shapes and designs could be delicately repeated to design and
create a pattern. This is a basic skill that is developed for pre-school
children, and brain-training exercises could be used to develop it.
Identify numbers and counting - Numbers and counting form
the basic forms of early math. Brain training would involve techniques
that help children learning identifying numbers, recognize them and
later recite or count each one of these numbers. Repetition is the sole
tool available to enhance counting and enumerating techniques.
However, one should learn and understand fundamentals of brain training
exercises, before trying to use it on children. Every brain-training program has a
specific foundation over which different aspects are included. Most of
them are different and one is never similar to the other. Nevertheless,
most of them include a series of training foundations, which are used in
different combinations to create a suitable system. Here are some of the
basic aspects of a typical training foundation:
Effective and thoughtful brain targeting - This technique touches certain brain
functions those are important to produce an apparent change in a child's
cognitive functioning mechanism. This method would result in two
An enhancement in a child's proficiency
with the assigned task.
Perform these tasks by enhancing the capability
An efficient brain-training program - This will help transfer
to create a process of including selectively targeted and chosen brain
exercises that eventually result in the creation of real cognitive
Example - Choosing an exercise like making patterns
out of clay and repeating it to achieve perfection, is an often-used
method in brain training regimen. This method targets brain-muscle
coordination sector of the brain that eventually results in enhancement
of motor skills.
All training schedule should be in a
non-academic nature - Children learn their lessons in classroom while
pre-school children are not yet exposed to the life of a classroom.
Never ever, make your brain training program an academic exercise. Let
the program be casual and easy-going in nature. All children should use
their rudimentary brain functions in an informal way.
Example - For example, ask your child to count the number of flower in a
garden plant instead of showing the figures in a colorful book. Let your
children learn in a leisurely pace. Teach your children how to count
flowers in a plant while explaining them the importance of colors,
shades and shapes. This combined exercise works as a powerful learning
tool to enhance many skills in one package. If you have more than one
child, you may wish to introduce a one-on-one training regimen so that
you are focusing on one child at a time.
training - It is a program that is introduced in a predefined sequence
works best for children. This approach enhanced long-term memory skill
that helps children retrieve information in an efficient manner and
recite it in a formal way.
Example: Child brain is
rudimentary in nature. The first basic skill that a child should learn
is enhancing motor, eye-brain-hand coordination skills. In other words,
the basic cognitive skill is the motor skill followed by muscle to mind
coordination. Once the child masters these skills, you may wish to
introduce other portions of the brain training in a deliberate and
Feedback and progressive and timely
loading of similar programs - Feedback is essential for ascertaining the
success of a program although pre-school children may never be able to
give you feedback. However, you can always get feedback from a
three-year-old child as brain training works best during the age span of
four to six years.
Example - You may want to start loading
similar techniques in a sequential and progressive manner. The learning
mode should be progressive and gradual. Difficult learning programs like
learning directions, making complex patterns, reading and writing should
be introduced in a progressive manner.
In nutshell, brain
training involves different cognitive skills and their enhancement. All
of them are essential for your children's mental growth and success.
These important skills are as follows:
Memory - both short terms and long term
Attention and concentration
Processing speed of gathering information and using it
Logic and reasoning
Some social skills
Please remember that the first
five years in your child's life are very crucial and you may want to
introduce brain-training programs at this time. Human brain works on a
“use it or lose it” axiom and parents may need to urge their children to
use their brainpower in a consistent and continuous manner.
The Whole-Brain Child: 12 Revolutionary Strategies to Nurture Your Child's Developing Mind
By Daniel J. Siegel M.D, Tina Payne Bryson, Ph.D
In this pioneering, practical
book, Daniel J. Siegel, neuropsychiatrist and parenting
expert Tina Payne Bryson demystify the meltdowns and
aggravation, explaining the new science of how a child's
brain is wired and how it matures. The 'upstairs brain',
which makes decisions and balances emotions, is under
construction until the mid-20s. And especially in young
children, the right brain and its emotions tend to rule over
the logic of the left brain.
By applying these discoveries to everyday parenting, you can
turn any outburst, argument, or fear into a chance to
integrate your child's brain and foster vital growth. With
clear explanations, age-appropriate strategies for dealing
with day-to-day struggles, and illustrations that will help
you explain these concepts to your child, The Whole-Brain
Child shows you how to cultivate healthy emotional and
intellectual development so that your children can lead
balanced, meaningful, and connected lives.